Socialist Party (PS), Portugal
Prime Minister of Portugal
António Costa was born on 17 July 1961, in Lisbon. He has a degree in Law and a post-graduate degree in European Studies.
He worked as a lawyer and we was a member of the Portuguese Parliament from 1994 to 2004. Mr. Costa was Secretary of State of the Parliamentary Affairs between 1995 and 1997, and Minister of the Parliament Affairs between November 1997 and October 1999. He then became Minister of Justice (October 1999 to April 2002).
António Costa was elected to the European Parliament in 2004 and he returned to Lisbon in March 2005 to join the new socialist government as Minister of State and Internal Administration.
He was Mayor of Lisbon from 2007 until 2015.
Mr. Costa is General Secretary of the Socialist Party since November 2014 and is currently the Prime Minister of Portugal.
Prime Minister of Spain
Pedro Sánchez was born in Madrid in February 1972. He graduated in Economic Science and Business Studies in 1995 and subsequently completed two postgraduate courses: a Master's Degree in EU Economics from the Free University of Brussels and a Diploma in Advanced European Economic and Monetary Integration Studies from the Ortega y Gasset University Institute. In 2012, Pedro Sánchez received his Doctorate in Economics from Camilo José Cela University, where he lectured in economics. Prior to becoming a university lecturer, he worked as an adviser at the European Parliament and was a member of the cabinet office of the United Nations High Representative for Bosnia Herzegovina.
He joined the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) in 1993. He was General Secretary of the PSOE, Leader of the Opposition and candidate to the Presidency of the Government between 2014 and 2016. Previously, he was a Member of the Lower House of Parliament for the constituency of Madrid and a City Councillor for Madrid. From June 2018 he is the President of the Government of Spain.
Prime Minister of Finland
Sanna Marin was born in on 16 November 1985 in Helsinki. She has a Master in Administrative Sciences.
Ms. Marin was as a member of the Council of Tampere Region from 2013 to 2016, a chair of the Tampere City Council from 2013 to 2017 and she served as an MP from 2015 to 2019. She integrated Antti Rinne's government as Minister of Transport and Communications (June-December 2019).
First Deputy of the Social Democratic Party since 2017, she became Finland’s youngest Prime Minister on 10 December 2019.
Labour Party (PL), Malta
Prime Minister of Malta
Robert Abela is 42 years old. He was elected leader of the Labour Party in January 2020, in an election whereby members of the Labour Party were eligible to vote for the very first time. Robert Abela, a lawyer by profession, was elected as a Member of Parliament for the first time in the 2017 election. He served as the Chairman of the Public Appointments Committee and was a member of the Public Accounts Committee in Parliament.
Robert Abela was raised in Qormi. He is married to Lydia, who is also a lawyer. He is the father of a girl named Giorgia Mae.
For many years, Robert Abela was involved in the volunteering sector. His main political belief and the core of every government's mission should be to help the most vulnerable persons improve their quality of life and help them advance in society.
Prime Minister of Denmark
Mette Frederiksen was born in November 1977 in Aalborg.
She has a Bachelor of Administration and Social Science, and a Master's degree in African Studies. She worked as a consultant for the Danish Federations of Trade Unions before becoming an MP for the Social Democratic Party (2001-present). She was Deputy party leader from 2005-2011.
She served as Employment Minister (2011-2014) and as Justice Minister (2014-2015). In 2015 she was elected leader of the Social Democratic Party and after the general elections of June 2019 she became Prime Minister of Denmark
Social Democratic Party, Sweden
Prime Minister of Sweden
Welder and trade unionist. Born in Stockholm in 1957, athough he grew up in Ådalen. He studied economics and then social work at the Umeå University. He had a welding training between the two. He worked as a postman and in industry before moving to defend workers’ rights from the Swedish Metal Workers’ Union of which, after two decades of membership, he became the president in 2006.
In 2012 he was elected leader of Socialdemokraterna, the Swedish Social Democratic Party. He is the Prime Minister of Sweden since 2014.
Between 2002 and 2006, he sat at the board of the Olof Palme International Centre, the umbrella organisation for the Swedish labour movement named after the iconic Swedish Prime Minister.
He is married.
Deputy Prime Ministers
Vice-Chancellor of Germany
Olaf Scholz was born on 14 June 1958 in Osnabrück, Lower Saxony, and he is a lawyer by training.
Mr. Scholz joined the SPD in 1975, becoming Deputy Federal Chairman of the Young Socialists from 1982-88 and Vice-President of the International Union of Social Youth between 1987-89.
He was a member of the Bundestag from 1998-2001 and 2002-2011.
In 2002 he became the General Secretary of the SPD - a position he fulfilled until 2004 - and in 2005 he was the Chief Whip of the SPD group in the parliament.
Between November 2007 and October 2009 he was the Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs.
In 2011 he was elected First Mayor of Hamburg and he became Federal Minister of Finance and Vice-Chancellor in March 2018.
Deputy Prime Minister of Czech Republic
Jan Hamáček was born on 4 November 1978 in Mlada Boleslav.
He graduated in 2001 from the Faculty of Arts of the Charles University. After his studies, he worked as Secretary of the Czech Social Democratic Party Representatives’ Club in Central Bohemia. From 2004 to 2006, Jan Hamáček was an advisor to the Prime Minister and head of the foreign affairs department of the Czech Social Democratic Party (CSSD). He has been an MP since 2006, becoming the Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies from 2013-2017. Jan Hamáček served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 27 June 2018 to 15 October 2018.
He currently is First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior of the Czech Republic as well as the Chair of the Social Democratic Party.
Dan Kersch was born on 27 December 1961 in Esch-sur-Alzette.
A member of the LSAP since 1991, Dan Kersch initially served as a municipal councillor in Mondercange from 2000 to 2005, then as mayor from 2006 to 2013, an office he held until his appointment to the government in December 2013.
From 2009 to 2012, Dan Kersch was the chairman of the Luxembourg Syndicate of Towns and Municipalities (Syndicat des villes et communes luxembourgeoises – Syvicol).
From 2011 to 2013, he was a member of the Council of State.
Following the legislative elections of 20 October 2013, Dan Kersch joined the government as Minister for Home Affairs, Minister for the Civil Service and Administrative Reform on 4 December 2013 in the coalition government formed by the Democratic Party (DP), the Luxembourg Socialist Workers’ Party (LSAP) and the Green Party.
After the legislative elections of 14 October 2018, Dan Kersch was appointed Minister of Sport and Minister of Labour, Employment and the Social and Solidarity Economy on 5 December 2018 in the coalition government formed by the DP, the LSAP and the Greens. On 4 February 2020, Dan Kersch was appointed Deputy Prime Minister while keeping his other ministerial portfolios.