Prime Ministers

  • Joseph Muscat

    Joseph Muscat
    Labour Party (PL), Malta

    Prime Minister of Malta


    Joseph Muscat was born in Pietà, Malta on 22 January 1974. He graduated with Honours from the University of Malta in Public Policy and later as Master of European Studies. In 2007 he attained a Doctorate of Philosophy in Management Research from the University of Bristol (UK).

    From 1992-1997 he was a journalist and eventually Assistant Head of news with a national private radio station. He was elected member to the National Executive of the Partit Laburista at the age of 21 and later nominated as Education Secretary of the Party. From 1997 to 1998 he was a member of the National Commission for Fiscal Morality. He successfully contested the first European Parliamentary elections in Malta in 2004. In 2006 he was the recipient of the Outstanding Young Person of the Year. In 2008 he was elected as the Leader of the Partit Laburista.


  • Stefan Löfven

    Stefan Löfven
    Social Democratic Party, Sweden

    Prime Minister of Sweden


    Welder and trade unionist. Born in Stockholm in 1957, athough he grew up in Ådalen. He studied economics and then social work at the Umeå University. He had a welding training between the two. He worked as a postman and in industry before moving to defend workers’ rights from the Swedish Metal Workers’ Union of which, after two decades of membership, he became the president in 2006.

    In 2012 he was elected leader of Socialdemokraterna, the Swedish Social Democratic Party. He is the Prime Minister of Sweden since 2014.
    Between 2002 and 2006, he sat at the board of the Olof Palme International Centre, the umbrella organisation for the Swedish labour movement named after the iconic Swedish Prime Minister.

    He is married.


  • António Costa

    António Costa
    Socialist Party (PS), Portugal

    Prime Minister of Portugal


    António Costa was born on 17 July 1961, in Lisbon. He has a degree in Law and a post-graduate degree in European Studies.

    He worked as a lawyer and we was a member of the Portuguese Parliament from 1994 to 2004. Mr. Costa was Secretary of State of the Parliamentary Affairs between 1995 and 1997, and Minister of the Parliament Affairs between November 1997 and October 1999. He then became Minister of Justice (October 1999 to April 2002).

    António Costa was elected to the European Parliament in 2004 and he returned to Lisbon in March 2005 to join the new socialist government as Minister of State and Internal Administration.

    He was Mayor of Lisbon from 2007 until 2015.

    Mr. Costa is General Secretary of the Socialist Party since November 2014 and is currently the Prime Minister of Portugal.


  • Viorica Dăncilă

    Viorica Dăncilă

    Prime Minister of Romania


  • Peter Pellegrini

    Peter Pellegrini
    SMER-SD, Slovakia

    Prime Minister of Slovakia



  • Pedro Sánchez

    Pedro Sánchez
    PSOE, Spain

    Prime Minister of Spain



Deputy Prime Ministers

  • Jean Asselborn

    Jean Asselborn
    LSAP Luxembourg

    Deputy Prime Minister of Luxembourg

    Minister of European and Foreign Affairs, Immigration and Asylum of Luxembourg. Born in 1949 in Steinfort, where he was Mayor.

    He served as a Vice-President of the Party of European Socialists from 2000 to 2004.

    After having left school at the age of 18, Jean Asselborn attended evening classes to obtain his secondary school diploma. In October 1981, he graduated in private judicial law at the University Nancy II. Upon obtaining his final secondary school diploma, he became the administrator of the hospital of his home town.

    Following the legislative elections of 2004, Jean Asselborn was appointed Deputy Prime Minister, and Minister of Foreign Affairs and Immigration.

    In June 2009, Jean Asselborn retained the offices of Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs. He is currently the longest-serving Foreign Affairs minister of the EU.

    In October 2012, his diplomatic work led to Luxembourg being elected to a non-permanent seat at the UN Security Council for the first time.

    Jean Asselborn chaired his party, the Socialist Labour Party of Luxembourg (LSAP), from 1997 to 2004. He was the chairman of the parliamentary group of the LSAP from 1989 to 1997 and he was a Vice-President of the Parliament from 1999 to 2004. He had been an MP since 1984.

    Asselborn launched his professional career in a Uniroyal laboratory in 1967. It was during this time that he became actively involved in the trade union movement.

    In December 2010, Jean Asselborn was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany. In October 2013, he was appointed Commander of the National Order of the Legion of Honour of the French Republic.


  • Dejan Zidan

    Dejan Židan
    SD Slovenia

    Deputy Prime Minister of Slovenia

    Mr. Dejan Židan was born on 16 October 1967 in Maribor. After completing the primary school in Rače in 1982 he enrolled in the School for animal husbandry and veterinary technicians, which he attended for two years in Maribor and later in Kamnik.

    He enrolled in the Veterinary Faculty of the University of Ljubljana in 1986 and graduated in December 1992.

    At the Reproduction Department of the Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Centre for the Pomurje region in Murska Sobota he completed his traineeship. In September 1994, he passed the state examination at the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food. For a short period after completing the traineeship he was employed at Agromerkur – poultrymeat production, in the establishment’s own veterinary clinic, and later at the Nabergoj veterinary engineering.

    In August 1995, he started working at the Animal Health Centre of Slovenia (AHCS), Reproduction Department of the regional unit in Murska Sobota. He enrolled in postgraduate study in the autumn of 1996, which he successfully completed in December 1999. Additionally to performing his duties at the Reproduction Department, he became in 2000 the coordinator and later the head of the AHCS regional unit in Murska Sobota.

    After the reorganisation of the veterinary service he was in charge of the regional unit of the National Veterinary Institute of the Veterinary Faculty in Murska Sobota, while continuing to professionally work on porcine health and reproduction. During this period, new facilities of the National Veterinary Institute in Murska Sobota were built. Within the scope of the Centre for Continuing Education of the Veterinary Faculty he was responsible for the coordination of the education of breeders and non-veterinary staff. Up until June 2003, he also edited the magazine “Reja prašičev” (Pig farming).

    As a board member of the firm KG Rakičan d.d. – from May 2003 – and as the president of the management board of the Panvita Group, KG Rakičan d.d. – from January 2007 – he contributed to the development of an agri-food chain in Slovenia encompassing arable farming, feed production, pig and poultry rearing, slaughter and food processing industry as well as production of “green” energy.

    As external associate of the Veterinary Faculty in Ljubljana he was elected as professional adviser for porcine health and reproduction at the end of 2003. In May 2007, he was re-appointed as a member of the animal husbandry council at the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food. In June 2007, the senate of the Faculty of Agriculture of the University of Maribor awarded him the title visiting expert of the Faculty of Agriculture.

    On May 5, 2010 he was appointed as the Minister for Agriculture, Forestry and Food for a year. On national elections 2011 he was elected as a member of the National Assembly and chaired the Committee for Agriculture, Forestry, Food and the Environment in the National Assembly.

    On March 20, 2013 he has been re-appointed as the Minister for Agriculture and the Environment and is since September 18, 2014 the Minister for Agriculture, Forestry and Food. He is also Deputy Prime Minister of the Slovenian Government.

    On the 8th Congress SD In June 2012 Dejan Židan was elected for vice- president of the Social democrats party and on the 10th Congress SD in January 2015 he was elected for the new party leader of the Social democrats.



  • Olaf Scholz

    Olaf Scholz
    SPD Germany

    Vice-Chancellor of Germany

    Olaf Scholz was born on 14 June 1958 in Osnabrück, Lower Saxony, and he is a lawyer by training.

    Mr. Scholz joined the SPD in 1975, becoming Deputy Federal Chairman of the Young Socialists from 1982-88 and Vice-President of the International Union of Social Youth between 1987-89.

    He was a member of the Bundestag from 1998-2001 and 2002-2011.

    In 2002 he became the General Secretary of the SPD - a position he fulfilled until 2004 - and in 2005 he was the Chief Whip of the SPD group in the parliament.

    Between November 2007 and October 2009 he was the Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs.

    In 2011 he was elected First Mayor of Hamburg and he became Federal Minister of Finance and Vice-Chancellor in March 2018.