Prime Ministers

  • António Costa

    António Costa
    Socialist Party (PS), Portugal

    Prime Minister of Portugal


    António Costa was born on 17 July 1961, in Lisbon. He has a degree in Law and a post-graduate degree in European Studies.

    He worked as a lawyer and we was a member of the Portuguese Parliament from 1994 to 2004. Mr. Costa was Secretary of State of the Parliamentary Affairs between 1995 and 1997, and Minister of the Parliament Affairs between November 1997 and October 1999. He then became Minister of Justice (October 1999 to April 2002).

    António Costa was elected to the European Parliament in 2004 and he returned to Lisbon in March 2005 to join the new socialist government as Minister of State and Internal Administration.

    He was Mayor of Lisbon from 2007 until 2015.

    Mr. Costa is General Secretary of the Socialist Party since November 2014 and is currently the Prime Minister of Portugal.


  • Pedro Sánchez

    Pedro Sánchez
    PSOE, Spain

    Prime Minister of Spain


    Pedro Sánchez was born in Madrid in February 1972. He graduated in Economic Science and Business Studies in 1995 and subsequently completed two postgraduate courses: a Master's Degree in EU Economics from the Free University of Brussels and a Diploma in Advanced European Economic and Monetary Integration Studies from the Ortega y Gasset University Institute. In 2012, Pedro Sánchez received his Doctorate in Economics from Camilo José Cela University, where he lectured in economics. Prior to becoming a university lecturer, he worked as an adviser at the European Parliament and was a member of the cabinet office of the United Nations High Representative for Bosnia Herzegovina.

    He joined the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) in 1993. He was General Secretary of the PSOE, Leader of the Opposition and candidate to the Presidency of the Government between 2014 and 2016. Previously, he was a Member of the Lower House of Parliament for the constituency of Madrid and a City Councillor for Madrid. From June 2018 he is the President of the Government of Spain.



  • Sanna Marin

    Sanna Marin
    SDP Finland

    Prime Minister of Finland 


    Sanna Marin was born in on 16 November 1985 in Helsinki. She has a Master in Administrative Sciences.
    Ms. Marin was as a member of the Council of Tampere Region from 2013 to 2016, a chair of the Tampere City Council from 2013 to 2017 and she served as an MP from 2015 to 2019. She integrated Antti Rinne's government as Minister of Transport and Communications (June-December 2019).
    First Deputy of the Social Democratic Party since 2017, she became Finland’s youngest Prime Minister on 10 December 2019.


  • Peter Pellegrini

    Peter Pellegrini
    SMER-SD, Slovakia

    Prime Minister of Slovakia


    Peter Pellegrini was born in Banská Bystrica on 6 October 1975.

    He has a degree in Economics. In 2006 he was elected as a Member of the National Council of the Slovak Republic (Slovakian Parliament). He became State Secretary for Finance in 2012, a post he retained until 2014 when he became Minister of Education, Science, Research and Sport. In 2015-2016 he served as Speaker of the National Council, before becoming Deputy Prime Minister of the Slovak Republic for Investments and Informatization (2016-2018). Peter Pellegrini is the Prime Minister of Slovakia since March 2018.


  • Robert Abela

    Robert Abela
    Labour Party (PL), Malta

    Prime Minister of Malta

    Robert Abela is 42 years old. He was elected leader of the Labour Party in January 2020, in an election whereby members of the Labour Party were eligible to vote for the very first time. Robert Abela, a lawyer by profession, was elected as a Member of Parliament for the first time in the 2017 election. He served as the Chairman of the Public Appointments Committee and was a member of the Public Accounts Committee in Parliament.
    Robert Abela was raised in Qormi. He is married to Lydia, who is also a lawyer. He is the father of a girl named Giorgia Mae.
    For many years, Robert Abela was involved in the volunteering sector. His main political belief and the core of every government's mission should be to help the most vulnerable persons improve their quality of life and help them advance in society. 


  • Mette Frederiksen

    Mette Frederiksen
    Socialdemokratiet Denmark

    Prime Minister of Denmark 

    Mette Frederiksen was born in November 1977 in Aalborg.
    She has a Bachelor of Administration and Social Science, and a Master's degree in African Studies. She worked as a consultant for the Danish Federations of Trade Unions before becoming an MP for the Social Democratic Party (2001-present). She was Deputy party leader from 2005-2011.

    She served as Employment Minister (2011-2014) and as Justice Minister (2014-2015). In 2015 she was elected leader of the Social Democratic Party and after the general elections of June 2019 she became Prime Minister of Denmark


  • Stefan Löfven

    Stefan Löfven
    Social Democratic Party, Sweden

    Prime Minister of Sweden


    Welder and trade unionist. Born in Stockholm in 1957, athough he grew up in Ådalen. He studied economics and then social work at the Umeå University. He had a welding training between the two. He worked as a postman and in industry before moving to defend workers’ rights from the Swedish Metal Workers’ Union of which, after two decades of membership, he became the president in 2006.

    In 2012 he was elected leader of Socialdemokraterna, the Swedish Social Democratic Party. He is the Prime Minister of Sweden since 2014.
    Between 2002 and 2006, he sat at the board of the Olof Palme International Centre, the umbrella organisation for the Swedish labour movement named after the iconic Swedish Prime Minister.

    He is married.


Deputy Prime Ministers

  • Jean Asselborn

    Jean Asselborn
    LSAP Luxembourg

    Deputy Prime Minister of Luxembourg

    Minister of European and Foreign Affairs, Immigration and Asylum of Luxembourg. Born in 1949 in Steinfort, where he was Mayor.

    He served as a Vice-President of the Party of European Socialists from 2000 to 2004.

    After having left school at the age of 18, Jean Asselborn attended evening classes to obtain his secondary school diploma. In October 1981, he graduated in private judicial law at the University Nancy II. Upon obtaining his final secondary school diploma, he became the administrator of the hospital of his home town.

    Following the legislative elections of 2004, Jean Asselborn was appointed Deputy Prime Minister, and Minister of Foreign Affairs and Immigration.

    In June 2009, Jean Asselborn retained the offices of Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs. He is currently the longest-serving Foreign Affairs minister of the EU.

    In October 2012, his diplomatic work led to Luxembourg being elected to a non-permanent seat at the UN Security Council for the first time.

    Jean Asselborn chaired his party, the Socialist Labour Party of Luxembourg (LSAP), from 1997 to 2004. He was the chairman of the parliamentary group of the LSAP from 1989 to 1997 and he was a Vice-President of the Parliament from 1999 to 2004. He had been an MP since 1984.

    Asselborn launched his professional career in a Uniroyal laboratory in 1967. It was during this time that he became actively involved in the trade union movement.

    In December 2010, Jean Asselborn was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany. In October 2013, he was appointed Commander of the National Order of the Legion of Honour of the French Republic.


  • Olaf Scholz

    Olaf Scholz
    SPD Germany

    Vice-Chancellor of Germany

    Olaf Scholz was born on 14 June 1958 in Osnabrück, Lower Saxony, and he is a lawyer by training.

    Mr. Scholz joined the SPD in 1975, becoming Deputy Federal Chairman of the Young Socialists from 1982-88 and Vice-President of the International Union of Social Youth between 1987-89.

    He was a member of the Bundestag from 1998-2001 and 2002-2011.

    In 2002 he became the General Secretary of the SPD - a position he fulfilled until 2004 - and in 2005 he was the Chief Whip of the SPD group in the parliament.

    Between November 2007 and October 2009 he was the Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs.

    In 2011 he was elected First Mayor of Hamburg and he became Federal Minister of Finance and Vice-Chancellor in March 2018.



  • Jernej Pikalo

    Jernej Pikalo

    Deputy Prime-Minister of Slovenia 

    Jernej Pikalo was born on 30 May 1975 in Slovenj Gradec, Slovenia.

    In 1998 he graduated from the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Ljubljana in international relations, and in 2003 gained a doctorate in political science at the same faculty. His academic career at the Faculty of Social Sciences in Ljubljana was marked by research and collaboration on numerous national and international projects covering a variety of political science issues. During his doctoral studies, he performed research as part of the Marie Curie programme at the Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation at the University of Warwick in the UK. 

    He became an assistant professor at the Faculty of Social Sciences in 2003, an associate professor in 2008, and in 2013 became a full professor of political science. From 2011 to 2013 he served as Vice Dean for undergraduate and master’s studies. In 2013 and 2014 he was Minister of Education, Science and Sport.

    Currently, he is Deputy Prime-Minister and Minister of Education, Science and Sport of Slovenia.


  • Jan Hamáček

    Jan Hamáček

    Deputy Prime Minister of Czech Republic


    Jan Hamáček was born on 4 November 1978 in Mlada Boleslav.

    He graduated in 2001 from the Faculty of Arts of the Charles University. After his studies, he worked as Secretary of the Czech Social Democratic Party Representatives’ Club in Central Bohemia. From 2004 to 2006, Jan Hamáček was an advisor to the Prime Minister and head of the foreign affairs department of the Czech Social Democratic Party (CSSD). He has been an MP since 2006, becoming the Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies from 2013-2017. Jan Hamáček served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 27 June 2018 to 15 October 2018.

    He currently is First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior of the Czech Republic as well as the Chair of the Social Democratic Party.