Heads of State
Socialist Party (PS), France
President of France
François Hollande was born on 12 August 1954 in Rouen, France. He has a degree from HEC Paris and Institut d’études politiques de Paris. He also studied in ENA (Ecole nationale d’administration).
He joined the Socialist Party (PS) in 1979 and after François Mitterrand’s election in 1981 he became head of mission to the Elysée. In 1988 he is elected Member of Parliament. From 1988-1991 he is an Economy Professor at Institut d’études politiques.
In 1994 Mr. Hollande becomes National Secretary of the PS in charge of economic questions and in the next year Lionel Jospin names him spokesperson of the party. In 1997 François Hollande is elected to the national parliament and in the same year he becomes leader of the PS (1997-2008).
In mai 2012 Mr. Hollande is elected President of France.
Democratic Party (PD), Italy
Prime Minister of Italy
Social Democratic Party, Sweden
Prime Minister of Sweden
Welder and trade unionist. Born in Stockholm in 1957, athough he grew up in Ådalen. He studied economics and then social work at the Umeå University. He had a welding training between the two. He worked as a postman and in industry before moving to defend workers’ rights from the Swedish Metal Workers’ Union of which, after two decades of membership, he became the president in 2006.
In 2012 he was elected leader of Socialdemokraterna, the Swedish Social Democratic Party. He is the Prime Minister of Sweden since 2014.
Between 2002 and 2006, he sat at the board of the Olof Palme International Centre, the umbrella organisation for the Swedish labour movement named after the iconic Swedish Prime Minister.
He is married.
Social Democratic Party (SPÖ), Austria
Chancellor of Austria
Journalist and manager. Born in Vienna in 1966 and early SPÖ militant. He was editor in chief of ‘Rotpress’ the newspaper of the Socialist Students’ Association at the Vienna University, where he took a degree in sociology, political science and media and communication sciences. After following the economic news for the ‘Option’ magazine, he joined the third Vranitzky government as an assistant of the state secretary for the public service, Peter Kostelka. He then moved to the SPÖ group at the Austrian Parliament as a spokesman before jumping to the private sector for a career at the main Austrian energy provider Verbund, between 1997 and 2007.
In 2010, he was appointed CEO of the Austrian Federal Railways ÖBB-Holding-AG, where he dug into the past of the company under Nazism and was awarded the Marietta und Friedrich Torberg medal of the Jewish Culture Centre of Vienna. Kern successfully managed the transport of a great number of migrants transiting through Austria at the height of Europe's refugee crisis.
Appointed Federal Chancellor of Austria in May 2016 and President of the SPÖ in June 2016.
He is married and has four children.
Prime Minister of Portugal
António Costa was born on 17 July 1961, in Lisbon. He has a degree in Law and a post-graduation in European Studies.
He worked as a lawyer and we was a member of the Portuguese Parliament from 1994 to 2004. Mr. Costa was Secretary of State of the Parliamentary Affairs between 1995 and 1997, and Minister of the Parliament Affairs between November 1997 and October 1999. He then became Minister of Justice (October 1999 to April 2002).
António Costa was elected to the European Parliament in 2004 and he returned to Lisbon in March 2005 to join the new socialist government as Minister of State and Internal Administration.
He was Mayor of Lisbon from 2007 until 2015.
Mr. Costa is General Secretary of the Socialist Party since November 2014 and is currently the Prime Minister of Portugal.
Labour Party (PL), Malta
Prime Minister of Malta
Joseph Muscat was born in Pietà, Malta on 22 January 1974. He graduated with Honours from the University of Malta in Public Policy and later as Master of European Studies. In 2007 he attained a Doctorate of Philosophy in Management Research from the University of Bristol (UK).
From 1992-1997 he was a journalist and eventually Assistant Head of news with a national private radio station. He was elected member to the National Executive of the Partit Laburista at the age of 21 and later nominated as Education Secretary of the Party. From 1997 to 1998 he was a member of the National Commission for Fiscal Morality. He successfully contested the first European Parliamentary elections in Malta in 2004. In 2006 he was the recipient of the Outstanding Young Person of the Year. In 2008 he was elected as the Leader of the Partit Laburista.
Social Democratic Party (CSSD), Czech Republic
Prime Minister of Czech Republic
Bohuslav Sobotka was born 3 October 1971 in Telnice, Czech Republic. He graduated in law at the Masaryk University in Brno in 1995.
He joined the ČSSD (Czech Social Democratic Party) at age 18 in Brno. One year later he co-founded the Young Social Democrats.
In 1996, he was elected a Member of Parliament for the first time. He has been re-elected four times since then, leading the ČSSD group in Parliament. In parallel to that, he was a member of the local council of Slavkov u Brna from 1998 to 2010.
In 2002 he was appointed Minister of Finance and Deputy Prime Minister and was the Chairman of the Budget Committee in Parliament and the Deputy Chairman of the ČSSD. He has been Chairman of the ČSSD since March 2011. He is the 11th Prime Minister of the Czech Republic since January 2014.
He is married and has two children.
Prime Minister of Slovakia
Robert Fico was born on 15 September 1964 in Topolcany, Slovak Republic. He studied Law and specialised in Criminal Law; he has also passed the professional judiciary examination and acquired qualification to act as a judge.
He has been a Member of the Slovak Parliament since 1992. From 1992 to 2002, he was Member of the Constitutional Committee of the Slovak Parliament. From 1994-2005, he was Member of the Slovak delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.
From 1996 to 1999, he was vice-president of the Party of Democratic Left. From 2002 to 2004, he was observer at the European Parliament on behalf of the Slovak Parliament. In 2002, he was member of the Slovak Parliamentary Committee on Human Rights, Nationalities and Equality Issues.
As from 1999, Robert Fico is president of the political party SMER. He has been elected Prime Minister of Slovakia three times: 2006, 2012 and 2016 and he is currently the country’s Prime Minister.
Prime Minister of Romania
Deputy Prime Ministers
Vice-Chancellor of Germany
Born in 1959 in Goslar, Lower Saxony. High school teacher. He studied German literature, political science and sociology. He joined the youth movement of the SPD at the age of 17.
He taught politics at the ÖTV trade union, later IG Metall. In 1987, he entered the local council at his home constituency. In 1990, he was elected a member of the regional parliament of Lower Saxony through direct vote. Nine years later, he was elected president of that region.
In 2005 he was appointed Minister of the Environment of the Federal Republic of Germany. He was first elected President of the SPD in 2009. Minister of Economy and Energy since 2013. Married with two children.
Deputy Prime Minister of Luxembourg
Minister of European and Foreign Affairs, Immigration and Asylum of Luxembourg. Born in 1949 in Steinfort, where he was Mayor.
He served as a Vice-President of the Party of European Socialists from 2000 to 2004.
After having left school at the age of 18, Jean Asselborn attended evening classes to obtain his secondary school diploma. In October 1981, he graduated in private judicial law at the University Nancy II. Upon obtaining his final secondary school diploma, he became the administrator of the hospital of his home town.
Following the legislative elections of 2004, Jean Asselborn was appointed Deputy Prime Minister, and Minister of Foreign Affairs and Immigration.
In June 2009, Jean Asselborn retained the offices of Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs. He is currently the longest-serving Foreign Affairs minister of the EU.
In October 2012, his diplomatic work led to Luxembourg being elected to a non-permanent seat at the UN Security Council for the first time.
Jean Asselborn chaired his party, the Socialist Labour Party of Luxembourg (LSAP), from 1997 to 2004. He was the chairman of the parliamentary group of the LSAP from 1989 to 1997 and he was a Vice-President of the Parliament from 1999 to 2004. He had been an MP since 1984.
Asselborn launched his professional career in a Uniroyal laboratory in 1967. It was during this time that he became actively involved in the trade union movement.
In December 2010, Jean Asselborn was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany. In October 2013, he was appointed Commander of the National Order of the Legion of Honour of the French Republic.
Deputy Prime Minister of The Netherlands
Lodewijk Asscher was born in Amsterdam in 1974. He studied psychology for one year at the University of Amsterdam before switching to Law. Doctor in Law with a PhD on fundamental communication rights.
He stayed at university working there as a researcher and a lecturer between 1998 and 2006.
He is a member of the Dutch Labour Party, PvdA.
From 2002 to 2006, Asscher served in the Amsterdam city council. In 2006 he became a member of the municipal executive managing economic affairs, finance, education, civic integration and youth.
After the resignation of Mayor Job Cohen, he was the interim Mayor of Amsterdam from March to July 2010.
On 5 November 2012 Lodewijk Asscher was appointed Deputy Prime Minister and Minister
of Social Affairs and Employment in the Rutte-Asscher government.
He is married and has three children.